**23**answerable questions with

**0**answered.

Roll No……… | |

Time allowed : 3 hours | Maximum marks : 100 |

Total number of questions : 7 | Total number of printed pages : 3 |

Note: | 1. | Answer FIVE questions including Question No.1 which is compulsory. All working notes should be shown distinctly. |

2. | Tables showing the present value of Re.1 and the present value of an annuity of Re.1 for 15 years are annexed. |

1. | Attempt any four of the following : | |||||||||||||||||||||

(i) | "Financial leverage is a fair weather friend." Discuss. | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(ii) | "The risk of the portfolio which combines both a risky and a risk–free asset will be reduced to the standard deviation of the risky security, weighted for its proportionate value in the portfolio." Do you agree ? Discuss. | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(iii) | "Alpha is an indicator of the extent to which the actual return of a stock deviates from those predicted by its beta value." Discuss. | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(iv) | "An investor suffers dilution of financial interest when he does not exercise his pre–emptive rights." Comment. | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(v) | "Derivatives are mainly used to control risk to increase returns." Comment. | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(5 marks each) | ||||||||||||||||||||||

2. | (a) | An exporter is a UK based company. Invoice amount is $3,50,000. Credit period is three months. Exchange rates in London are :
Rates of Interest in Money Market :
Compute and show how a money–market hedge can be put in place. Compare and contrast the outcome with a forward contract. | (0) | |||||||||||||||||||

(12 marks) | ||||||||||||||||||||||

(b) | Elite Ltd. manufactures a product from a raw material, which is purchased at Rs.100 per kg. The company incurs a handling cost of Rs.300 plus freight of Rs.325 per order. The incremental carrying cost of inventory of raw material is Re.0.50 per kg. per month. In addition, the annual cost of working capital finance on the investment in inventory of raw material is Rs.4 per kg. The annual production of the product is 1,00,000 units and 2 units are obtained from one kg. of raw material. Required —
| (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(8 marks) | ||||||||||||||||||||||

3. | (a) | At different levels of financing, a firm’s weighted average cost of capital (WACC) is as follows :
Find out—
| (0) | |||||||||||||||||||

(2 marks each) | ||||||||||||||||||||||

(b) | Efficient Motors Ltd. (EML), a producer of turbine generators is in this situation : Earning before interest and taxes (EBIT) = Rs.40 lakh; Tax rate (T) = 35%; Debt outstanding (D) = Rs.20 lakh; Rate of interest = 10%; Cost of equity (K_{e}) = 15%; Shares of stock outstanding (No.) = 6,00,000; and Book value per share = Rs.10. Since EML’s product market is stable and the company expects no growth, all earnings are paid out as dividends. The debt consists of perpetual bonds. What is the EML’s earnings per share (EPS) and its price per share P_{0}EML can increase its debt by Rs.80 lakh to a total of Rs.1 crore using the new debt to buy–back and retire some of its shares at the current price. Its interest rate on debt will be 12% (it will have to call and refund the old debt), and its cost of equity (K _{e}) will rise from 15% to 17%. EBIT will remain constant. Should EML change its capital structure ? | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(10 marks) | ||||||||||||||||||||||

(c) | During a year, the price of British Gilts (face value £100) rose from £103 to £105 while paying a coupon of £8. At the same time, the exchange rate moved from $/£ 1.70 to $/£ 1.58. What is the total return to an investor in US who invested in the above security ? | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(4 marks) | ||||||||||||||||||||||

4. | Distinguish between any four of the following : | |||||||||||||||||||||

(i) | ‘Interest swap’ and ‘currency swap’.. | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(ii) | ‘Financial distress’ and ‘insolvency’. | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(iii) | ‘Net present value’ and ‘profitability index’. | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(iv) | Investment’ and ‘speculation’. | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(v) | ‘Commodity futures’ and ‘financial futures’. | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(5 marks each) | ||||||||||||||||||||||

5. | (a) | Prepare cash budget of Bipasha Ltd. with the data furnished below :
The company desires to maintain a cash balance of Rs.15,000 at the end of each quarter. Cash can be borrowed or repaid in multiples of Rs.500 at an interest rate of 10%. Management does not want to borrow cash more than what is necessary and wants to repay as early as possible. In any event, loans cannot be extended beyond four quarters. Interest is computed and paid when the principal amount is repaid. Assume that borrowings take place at the beginning and payments are made at the end of quarter. | (0) | |||||||||||||||||||

(15 marks) | ||||||||||||||||||||||

(b) | The prevailing risk–free rate of interest in 10–Year GOI Treasury Bonds is 5.5%. The average risk premium is 8%. The beta of the company is 1.1875. The company now wants to take up a project requiring an investment of Rs.75 crore with a debt–equity ratio of 20%. The beta of this project is 1.4375. The debt can be raised at an interest rate of 9.5% upto first Rs.10 crore and @ 10% for the rest of the amount. Find out the marginal cost of capital, if the tax rate is 35%. | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(5 marks) | ||||||||||||||||||||||

6. | Exacta Ltd. is considering the replacement of its existing machine by a new one which is expected to cost Rs.2,70,000 with a life of 5 years and salvage value being Rs.20,000. The machine will yield annual cash revenue of Rs.5,70,000 and annual cash expenses of Rs.2,96,000. The existing machine has a book value of Rs.92,000 and can be sold for Rs.46,000 today. It has a remaining useful life of 5 years. Cash revenues will be Rs.4,50,000 and associated cash expenses will be Rs.3,20,000 per annum. The existing machine will have a salvage value of Rs.4,600 at the end of 5 years. Exacta Ltd. is in a 35% tax bracket and writes off depreciation @ 25% per annum on written down value (WDV) method. Exacta Ltd. has a target debt–equity ratio of 20%. The company in the past has raised debt at 12% and it can now be raised at 10%. Exacta Ltd. follows the dividend discount model to estimate the cost of equity capital. Last year the company paid a dividend of Rs.1.85 per share. The current market price of the company’s equity share is Rs.20 per share. A growth rate of 8% per annum is anticipated. (Ignore capital gain tax.)
| (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(20 marks) | ||||||||||||||||||||||

7. | Write notes on any four of the following : | |||||||||||||||||||||

(i) | Gilt–edged primary market | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(ii) | Essential elements of forex management | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(iii) | Yield curve and treasury management | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(iv) | Securitisation of financial assets | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(v) | Participants in derivatives market. | (0) | ||||||||||||||||||||

(5 marks each) |